采用Python语言控制20×4液晶模块

20×4液晶模块与日立的HD44780液晶控制器是兼容的。以前的文章: 树莓派使用Python控制LCD1602模块曾经做过相关的介绍,本文也是基于这篇文章的内容,进行的相关扩展。

20X4液晶模块

2004A液晶模块的引脚定义

2004A液晶模块引脚定义
2004A液晶模块引脚定义

通常情况下普通的液晶模块需要8条数据线来提供0-7位的数据。然而,这个LCD模块可以配置为使用“4位”的模式,允许以4位的两个块来发送数据。这减少了与树莓派连接时所需的GPIO接口数量。

与树莓派的连接

LCD 模块针功能树莓派针功能树莓派引脚
01GNDGNDP1-06
02+5V+5VP1-02
03Contrast
04RSGPIO7P1-26
05RWGNDP1-06
06EGPIO8P1-24
07Data 0
08Data 1
09Data 2
10Data 3
11Data 4GPIO25P1-22
12Data 5GPIO24P1-18
13Data 6GPIO23P1-16
14Data 7GPIO18P1-12
15通过 560 欧电阻接+5V
16GNDP1-06

注意:RW引脚允许设备进入读或写模式。这里把这个引脚接地,为了防止模块发送数据到树莓派,因为树莓派的GPIO引脚不支持5V输入。

引脚3: 控制对比度,可以调整引脚3的电压。这里使用了一个10K欧微调电阻提供了一个0-5V的可变电压给引脚3,就可以实现对比度的调整了。

引脚15:为背光电源。可以打开和关闭背光,这里使用晶体管(BC547, BC548或等效)来实现开关。因此需要一个GPIO引脚实现Python脚本对背光的控制。

电路连接图
电路连接图

Python控制代码

#!/usr/bin/python
# The wiring for the LCD is as follows:
# 1 : GND
# 2 : 5V
# 3 : Contrast (0-5V)*
# 4 : RS (Register Select)
# 5 : R/W (Read Write)       - GROUND THIS PIN
# 6 : Enable or Strobe
# 7 : Data Bit 0             - NOT USED
# 8 : Data Bit 1             - NOT USED
# 9 : Data Bit 2             - NOT USED
# 10: Data Bit 3             - NOT USED
# 11: Data Bit 4
# 12: Data Bit 5
# 13: Data Bit 6
# 14: Data Bit 7
# 15: LCD Backlight +5V**
# 16: LCD Backlight GND
 
#import
import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
import time
 
# Define GPIO to LCD mapping
LCD_RS = 7
LCD_E  = 8
LCD_D4 = 25
LCD_D5 = 24
LCD_D6 = 23
LCD_D7 = 18
LED_ON = 15
 
# Define some device constants
LCD_WIDTH = 20    # Maximum characters per line
LCD_CHR = True
LCD_CMD = False
 
LCD_LINE_1 = 0x80 # LCD RAM address for the 1st line
LCD_LINE_2 = 0xC0 # LCD RAM address for the 2nd line
LCD_LINE_3 = 0x94 # LCD RAM address for the 3rd line
LCD_LINE_4 = 0xD4 # LCD RAM address for the 4th line
 
# Timing constants
E_PULSE = 0.0005
E_DELAY = 0.0005
 
def main():
  # Main program block
 
  GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BCM)       # Use BCM GPIO numbers
  GPIO.setup(LCD_E, GPIO.OUT)  # E
  GPIO.setup(LCD_RS, GPIO.OUT) # RS
  GPIO.setup(LCD_D4, GPIO.OUT) # DB4
  GPIO.setup(LCD_D5, GPIO.OUT) # DB5
  GPIO.setup(LCD_D6, GPIO.OUT) # DB6
  GPIO.setup(LCD_D7, GPIO.OUT) # DB7
  GPIO.setup(LED_ON, GPIO.OUT) # Backlight enable
 
  # Initialise display
  lcd_init()
 
  # Toggle backlight on-off-on
  lcd_backlight(True)
  time.sleep(0.5)
  lcd_backlight(False)
  time.sleep(0.5)
  lcd_backlight(True)
  time.sleep(0.5)
 
  while True:
 
    # Send some centred test
    lcd_string("--------------------",LCD_LINE_1,2)
    lcd_string("Rasbperry Pi",LCD_LINE_2,2)
    lcd_string("Model B",LCD_LINE_3,2)
    lcd_string("--------------------",LCD_LINE_4,2)
 
    time.sleep(3) # 3 second delay
 
    lcd_string("Basemu",LCD_LINE_1,3)
    lcd_string(".com",LCD_LINE_2,3)
    lcd_string("",LCD_LINE_3,2)
    lcd_string("20x4 LCD Module Test",LCD_LINE_4,2)
 
    time.sleep(3) # 20 second delay
 
    # Blank display
    lcd_byte(0x01, LCD_CMD)
 
    time.sleep(3) # 3 second delay
 
def lcd_init():
  # Initialise display
  lcd_byte(0x33,LCD_CMD) # 110011 Initialise
  lcd_byte(0x32,LCD_CMD) # 110010 Initialise
  lcd_byte(0x06,LCD_CMD) # 000110 Cursor move direction
  lcd_byte(0x0C,LCD_CMD) # 001100 Display On,Cursor Off, Blink Off
  lcd_byte(0x28,LCD_CMD) # 101000 Data length, number of lines, font size
  lcd_byte(0x01,LCD_CMD) # 000001 Clear display
  time.sleep(E_DELAY)
 
def lcd_byte(bits, mode):
  # Send byte to data pins
  # bits = data
  # mode = True  for character
  #        False for command
 
  GPIO.output(LCD_RS, mode) # RS
 
  # High bits
  GPIO.output(LCD_D4, False)
  GPIO.output(LCD_D5, False)
  GPIO.output(LCD_D6, False)
  GPIO.output(LCD_D7, False)
  if bits&0x10==0x10:
    GPIO.output(LCD_D4, True)
  if bits&0x20==0x20:
    GPIO.output(LCD_D5, True)
  if bits&0x40==0x40:
    GPIO.output(LCD_D6, True)
  if bits&0x80==0x80:
    GPIO.output(LCD_D7, True)
 
  # Toggle 'Enable' pin
  lcd_toggle_enable()
 
  # Low bits
  GPIO.output(LCD_D4, False)
  GPIO.output(LCD_D5, False)
  GPIO.output(LCD_D6, False)
  GPIO.output(LCD_D7, False)
  if bits&0x01==0x01:
    GPIO.output(LCD_D4, True)
  if bits&0x02==0x02:
    GPIO.output(LCD_D5, True)
  if bits&0x04==0x04:
    GPIO.output(LCD_D6, True)
  if bits&0x08==0x08:
    GPIO.output(LCD_D7, True)
 
  # Toggle 'Enable' pin
  lcd_toggle_enable()
 
def lcd_toggle_enable():
  # Toggle enable
  time.sleep(E_DELAY)
  GPIO.output(LCD_E, True)
  time.sleep(E_PULSE)
  GPIO.output(LCD_E, False)
  time.sleep(E_DELAY)
 
def lcd_string(message,line,style):
  # Send string to display
  # style=1 Left justified
  # style=2 Centred
  # style=3 Right justified
 
  if style==1:
    message = message.ljust(LCD_WIDTH," ")
  elif style==2:
    message = message.center(LCD_WIDTH," ")
  elif style==3:
    message = message.rjust(LCD_WIDTH," ")
 
  lcd_byte(line, LCD_CMD)
 
  for i in range(LCD_WIDTH):
    lcd_byte(ord(message[i]),LCD_CHR)
 
def lcd_backlight(flag):
  # Toggle backlight on-off-on
  GPIO.output(LED_ON, flag)
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
 
  try:
    main()
  except KeyboardInterrupt:
    pass
  finally:
    lcd_byte(0x01, LCD_CMD)
    lcd_string("Goodbye!",LCD_LINE_1,2)
    GPIO.cleanup() 

请注意如果你使用的树莓派版本取本文(P1)不一致,请更新代码中的引脚号。